Antibiotics have saved countless lives over the years and the world has benefited tremendously from their creation. However, like all drugs, these can be misused and the results can be catastrophic for everyone. They can indeed be too much of a good thing.
While our current crop of antibiotics has been effective at largely neutering some diseases, new strains are appearing. The drugs we have on hand are not working and scientists are having trouble creating new ones that will have the desired effect. While it seems impossible to consider in this advanced age, we could be facing a new era comparable to the times when major outbreaks like the black plague killed millions of people.
There are several theories as to why doctors are relying too heavily on antibiotics in their treatment regimen. One of the most prominent is the thinking that, if they do not prescribe something that will make a patient well quickly, they will be deemed ineffectual. The unfortunate fact is that many people are given physician approval to take drugs for conditions that don’t require them.
Possible solutions include changing the way in which young doctors are educated. Instead of relying on prescriptions so heavily, the new crop of physicians need superior diagnostic skills in order to recognize when drugs are truly the answer to a patient’s problems.
While the burden of responsibility is on the medical side, it is important for people to do their part. Think about how you are feeling. There is nothing wrong with seeing a doctor, but if this is something you have had before, can you remember how you got through it previously? People just need to take a few sick days filled with rest in order to overcome certain ailments. If that is the case, try to go this route instead of automatically reaching for antibiotics. We will all benefit from your restraint in the end.
Do you find that you are having to wait longer and longer for surgery in Ontario? When you have had a procedure or are in hospital for another reason, do you find that you are being discharged faster than in the past?
Well, both of these are true and are symptoms of the increasing issue of overcrowding in Ontario’s hospital system. Part of the issue is population growth, particularly among senior citizens. As the province’s continuing care system is already strained to the limit, there can be long wait times before such beds become available. This means that seniors in fragile health with nowhere to go end up remaining in hospitals longer. That reduces the number of acute care beds available to other members of the public.
The need to free up beds can make hospitals seem particularly uncaring, as illustrated by this recent case in Toronto. Frail elderly people need attention and care that the overburdened health system is not managing to provide for them.
Over the period running from 2012 through the present, seven Ontario hospitals routinely had occupancy rates over 100%. This results in patients being put into hallways and other areas not generally used for care. The result is undue stress for these individuals and a lower quality of care due to overburdened doctors and nurses.
After being the victims of budget cuts for a number of years, Ontario’s hospitals are badly in need of additional funding. How to make the provincial government come through with this badly needed cash is the question. One strategy the government has proposed is to put seniors into private retirement homes, in order to make more hospital beds available.
This would be done at no cost to the patients. The price would actually be lower for the province and such accommodation would be better for the patients’ mental health. Still, the best situation would be to provide our health care system with the money it needs to improve efficiency and effectiveness for everyone.
Hacking is becoming an increasing problem around the world. Possible Russian meddling in the recent U.S. election received much coverage, but hacking actually occurs far more often than you might suspect. Not surprisingly, countries and companies do not want people to know when they have been hacked and do not reveal such cyber intrusions unless forced to.
Hacking can have a very real effect on the average person. Cases of identity theft are on the rise and various malware programs can turn your computer into a bot that is used for cyber attacks. One of the worries about the increasingly computerized state of cars is whether they can be easily hacked and used as deadly weapons that can ram other vehicles or plow through crowds of pedestrians.
Hospitals are viewed as bastions of safety that help us when we are at our most vulnerable. However, they rely on high tech, computerized equipment that is vulnerable to hackers without the proper cyber security and due diligence on the part of IT staff.
Health care records are the primary target of hackers as they provide a wealth of personal information that can be used for identity theft purposes. Older versions of Microsoft Windows that lacked the most recent security updates were exploited by the Wanna Cry virus, which led to problems in countries all over the world.
There is also the possibility that malicious hackers could take down hospital security systems just for the hell of it. They could cause power failures, take out vital operating systems, interfere with environmental controls…the results could be catastrophic and lead patients to reconsider having even simple procedures done.
It is up to hospital administrative teams to make sure their IT departments are keeping on top of this issue. The amount of time required is minimal, but the added security is extremely valuable.
Opioid addiction has proven to be a difficult problem for governments around the world and the situation is approaching crisis levels here. In Alberta and British Columbia, the number of fentanyl-related deaths have increased by a factor of ten in just three years.
It is also taking a financial toll. According to the Canadian Institute for Health Information, the government spent $93 million in 2014 on medications that treat people with opioid addictions. That is up more than $35 million from the total spent three years earlier.
People with chronic pain conditions absolutely deserve relief, but scientists have struggled as to how they can provide that respite from sometimes crippling discomfort, without also causing the recipient to spiral into addiction.
Medical marijuana has been increasingly accepted as a source of pain relief for people with people with neuropathic conditions. In sharp contrast to opioids, pot is rarely addictive and it is largely impossible to overdose on it. Marijuana is also effective at reducing discomfort from muscle spasms brought on by multiple sclerosis, as well as other forms of relief. Some scientists feel that we would be much further along in medical marijuana use if the drug’s legal status was made clear across the globe.
Scientists report that pot interacts with the same brain receptors as opioids. Tests are currently under way on how medical marijuana compares to drugs like fentanyl when it comes to effectiveness at treating both chronic and acute pain. There is also hope that pot can help to alleviate the serious discomfort one undergoes from opioid withdrawal.
Recreational marijuana becomes legal in Canada in 2018, and that will no doubt lead some with various types of pain to feel more confident about trying it. The official prognosis remains to be seen, but it is hopeful that medical marijuana will help provide a solution to one of the most serious health crises in some time.
Have you ever been depressed? Chances are you have, but those feelings eventually passed and you moved on with your life. Now imagine what it feels like to have chronic depression and feel down more often than up.
One of the best ways to relate to another person is to understand what they experience. There is more information than ever out there about depression, but some people still do not fully grasp what it is like to live with this constant sadness. Telling someone who is depressed to simply get up and feel better will not work because it is not that easy.
If you have never experienced chronic depression and wish to better relate to someone who does, here are some things that person might be regularly experiencing.
- Grey and dreary days are less enjoyable overall; imagine always perceiving the world that way, even when those around you are enjoying the sunlight? The fact that you know others are happy while you are sad just intensifies those feelings.
- Imagine going through life with no sense of joy or fun. Things that previously brought you pleasure now mean nothing. You feel there is nothing to look forward to and no reason to get out of bed in the morning.
- You constantly feel like you have no energy. This makes even the basics of day-to-day life a struggle. On top of that, you have trouble sleeping, so it feels like an endless cycle of fatigue with no sense of relief.
- Your use of food borders on abusive. You either eat excessively to try and stave off sadness or you do not feel like eating and soon feel sick due to malnutrition.
- Ever had a nagging pain that wouldn’t go away? Depression not only causes mental anguish. It can actually leave you with physical pain that doesn’t let up.
These are just a few of the common symptoms of depression. Do you suffer from it? Don’t worry, you are not alone and there are people out there ready to help. Consult with your family doctor or local mental health association for information on therapy and how it can change your life for the better.
One of the biggest issues with Canada’s mental health system is wait times. It’s great that the help is out there, but most mental health issues require fairly fast access to treatment in order to, not only, help the person, but prevent possible tragedy.
This is especially true when such issues require police intervention. So Toronto police are now using an app that is proactive in intent. The idea is that, if someone is experiencing a mental health crisis, they can use it to quickly and easily know what services are available to them. This will hopefully prevent occurrences such as the Sammy Yatim shooting from a few years back.
Developed with the assistance of students from Ryerson University, the app (called Community Asset Portal) is currently getting about 50 uses per day. This is below the average of 70 mental health calls Toronto police typically get daily, but still a significant number, particularly as CAP has not been around for too long.
Ways to de-escalate crisis situations are commonly practiced by police officers and CAP is a way to hopefully prevent many from occurring in the first place. Ideally, developers would also like the general public to use the app for the same purpose.
Are you feeling deeply depressed, stressed, or otherwise down in the dumps? Are you just not yourself and have felt off for some time? You could be in the early stages of a mental health crisis, so it is important to take the necessary steps and have yourself evaluated by a professional therapist.
If you feel like you are in crisis and might harm yourself, either call 9-11 or the crisis line at your local mental health association. Someone will speak with you, evaluate your situation, and advise you on what steps to take next. Many of us are proactive about our physical health; we need to be just as diligent with our mental health.
The stigma around mental illness is gradually starting to lift. Many people would previously not even consider seeing a therapist or telling family, friends or their supervisor that they were struggling. However, things have improved in recent years and, as a result, many lives that would have been lost to suicide have instead been saved. More and more people see the value in being open and accept that they need help.
This change has been a more difficult one for men. Traditionally, males are taught to keep their feelings to themselves and not show signs of weakness. This resulted in many troubled men not seeking help when they desperately needed it, sometimes leading to tragedy for both themselves and those around them.
Unfortunately, men carry out 80% of the suicides in Canada, with those aged 40-60 the ones most likely to take their own lives. This demographic has a particularly difficult time adjusting to life changes, such as downturns in employment, divorce, and relationship abuse.
Anti-depressants are one way to combat depression. These can be prescribed by a family doctor, rather than a therapist. However, as Joel Wong, Ph.D., a professor of counseling psychology at Indiana University puts it, “Pills don’t teach skills.”
The ideal way to combat mental illness issues like anxiety and depression is to develop both coping skills and a new attitude towards life and its problems. Regular appointments featuring talk therapy allow clients to voice their concerns to the therapist, something they may not be able to do with a partner, family members, or friends. Also, while those individuals are more than likely anxious to help, they lack the professional skills to advocate the correct approach.
Ongoing therapy allows clients and therapists to develop a wellness plan and adjust it accordingly. Keeping that open dialogue going provides an extremely valuable lifeline to help deal with one of the life’s most difficult challenges.
University can be a very trying period in a person’s life. For many students, it is their first time living away from home. The work load is also much higher than high school, and when you combine all of these responsibilities together, it can be quite stressful. There is also the rising cost of education and the knowledge that, even if you get a degree, that is no guarantee of a job and you still must deal with student loans and other debts accumulated while in school.
Universities have some mental health supports in place for students, but these are seen as increasingly inadequate due to the number of people requesting them.
On the one hand, that growing number of students seeking supports indicates that the stigma associated with mental illness is decreasing. However, if there are an insufficient number of counselors and an especially long wait time, these people are not getting the help that they seek, making their bravery seem futile.
There is also the issue of how serious the cases can be. Typically, students only see counselors for a handful of sessions, and that is not nearly enough for problems like major depression and suicidal ideation.
As a result, some students are seeking private counseling. There are many well-qualified and beneficial therapists in this country, and their wait times are typically much faster than those funded by the government. However, there is the issue of cost. These therapists typically charge north of $100 an hour for an appointment, which is often well beyond what a typical student can afford given their other financial responsibilities.
So, what is the answer? Ideally, we need to increase access and decrease wait times for students needing this help. However, like so many things in life, it always seems to boil down to money. That is very unfortunate.
Do you ever feel down? We’re sure you do. Everyone does. You wouldn’t be normal if you felt happy and upbeat all of the time. However, like all things in life, there is a balance and if you find yourself feeling sad too often, then you might be suffering from depression.
Here are a few signs that you could be in the grips of depression and need to speak with a mental health counselor:
- Feelings of sadness or hopelessness
- No longer interested or deriving pleasure from hobbies, sex, or other activities previously of interest
- Lingering feeling of guilt
- Irritability and angry outbursts
- Insomnia or excessive sleeping
- Feeling that you are slowing down physically and mentally
- Thoughts of suicide and/or persistent thinking of death
- Lack of energy or persistent tiredness
- Weight loss or gain
- Increased or decreased appetite
- Feelings of anxiety and restlessness
- Feeling that you are worthless
- Pain coming on for no apparent reason
- Difficulty thinking or remembering
If you are experiencing one or more of these issues, it is time to take the next step. Speak to your family doctor to get their opinion. If they feel a mental health check is warranted, ask them for a recommendation of who to see.
Not every client is compatible with every mental health professional. That doesn’t necessarily mean that the person is bad at their job. However, people must feel very comfortable when talking to a therapist because personal feelings and other issues will undoubtedly come up. The only way to get effective results from a therapy session is to be honest and open. That means trusting your therapist.
If you don’t feel comfortable and the ability to be open to that person, then see someone else. Don’t worry about hurting anyone’s feelings; they are a professional and know that not every client is a good fit for them.